The prostate is a bi-lobed gland situated below the bladder in males and surrounds a part of the urethra (tube that passes urine outside the body). The prostate may sometimes show a benign enlargement, called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), as part of the aging process, which can compress the urethra and obstruct the flow of urine.
Your doctor may recommend surgery as a definitive treatment for BPH in cases of significant difficulty passing urine, repeated urinary tract infections, bladder damage or stones, kidney damage or blood in the urine.
Modern surgical procedures usually access the prostate through the urethra so no incision is required. Different approaches to benign prostate surgery include:
Depending on your overall health and individual case, your doctor will discuss the best method to treat BPH.
As with most surgical procedures, surgery for benign enlargement of the prostate may be associated with certain risks, which include problems with erection, retrograde ejaculation (releasing semen backwards into the bladder during ejaculation) and urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control).